Perlis, known as “Perlis Indera Kayangan,” is the smallest state in Malaysia. The name “Perlis” is believed to originate from a Thai phrase “Phrao Loi” which means “mangoes fallen to the ground,” highlighting the abundance of mango trees in the area.


Situated at the northernmost tip of Peninsular Malaysia, Perlis shares its northern border with Thailand’s Satun Province. To its south lies the Malaysian state of Kedah. Characterized by paddy fields and rubber plantations, Perlis boasts a serene, rural landscape.


Historically, Perlis was a part of the Kedah Sultanate. However, due to political conflicts and Siamese intervention in the early 19th century, Perlis was carved out as a separate vassal state under Siamese influence. It was handed over to the British under the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 and later integrated into the Malayan Union and subsequently the Federation of Malaya.

Highlights of Things to Do

  • Gua Kelam (Cave of Darkness): A unique limestone cave that serves as a walkway connecting the small town of Kaki Bukit to a nearby village.
  • Tasik Melati Recreational Park: A picturesque park with lakes and wooden bridges, perfect for boat rides and picnics.
  • Kota Kayang Museum: Delve deep into the state’s history and cultural heritage at this well-preserved museum.
  • Padang Besar: A border town that’s a shopping haven, especially known for its variety of Thai products.
  • Al-Hussain Mosque (Floating Mosque): A beautiful mosque built over water, offering splendid views especially during sunset.

How to Get In and Out

  • By Air: Perlis does not have its own airport. The nearest airport is Sultan Abdul Halim Airport in Kedah, which connects to various Malaysian cities.
  • By Train: The Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) train service connects Perlis to various parts of Malaysia. The Padang Besar Railway Station is a major stop, especially for those traveling to and from Thailand.
  • By Road: Well-maintained roads and highways connect Perlis to other parts of Malaysia. Regular bus services run between Perlis and major cities like Kuala Lumpur and Penang.
  • By Sea: Although Perlis is not a primary port, there are small jetties and piers for local fishermen. Tourists can explore the scenic river routes.

A visit to Perlis offers travelers a slice of serene rural life, rich history, and a gateway to Thailand, making it a unique destination to explore.