The name “Pahang” is believed to be derived from the term ‘Pahang-Hangus’, meaning ‘burnt river banks’, referring to a historical incident where aboriginal inhabitants set fire to some riverbank areas. Over time, the name simplified to “Pahang.”


Pahang is the third-largest state in Malaysia and is located in the eastern part of Peninsular Malaysia. It shares its borders with Kelantan to the north, Terengganu to the northeast, Perak to the west, and Selangor to the northwest. The South China Sea graces its eastern frontier. The state’s terrain is predominantly mountainous and forested, contributing to its vast natural resources.


Historical records trace the influence of the Srivijaya Empire on parts of Pahang. The state became significant in the 15th century under the Malacca Sultanate and later the Pahang Sultanate. During the colonial era, the British established a presence primarily to exploit the state’s tin and gold resources. Pahang witnessed numerous resistance movements against the British, especially during the Malayan Emergency, marking its role in Malaysia’s fight for independence.

Highlights of Things to Do

  • Cameron Highlands: Malaysia’s premier hill station, known for its tea plantations, strawberry farms, and cool climate.
  • Taman Negara: One of the oldest rainforests in the world, offering jungle trekking, canopy walks, and river cruises.
  • Genting Highlands: A popular high-altitude resort with casinos, theme parks, and entertainment shows.
  • Tioman Island: A paradise for divers and snorkelers, with crystal clear waters and rich marine life.
  • Bukit Tinggi: A French-themed village offering a slice of European architecture amidst the Malaysian highlands.

How to Get In and Out

  • By Road: Pahang’s extensive road network connects it to other parts of Peninsular Malaysia. The East Coast Expressway links Pahang to Kuala Lumpur and Terengganu.
  • By Train: KTM (Keretapi Tanah Melayu) services provide connections to some areas within Pahang, including stops like Mentakab.
  • By Bus: Intercity buses from Kuala Lumpur and other major cities frequently service Kuantan, the state capital, and other towns.
  • By Air: Sultan Ahmad Shah Airport in Kuantan facilitates domestic flights, connecting Pahang with other regions of Malaysia.

As the largest state in Peninsular Malaysia, Pahang offers a diverse travel palette, ranging from cool highlands to sun-soaked beaches. It’s an epitome of Malaysia’s abundant nature and rich history, making it a must-visit for travelers seeking both relaxation and adventure. Whether you’re hiking through ancient rainforests, sipping tea amidst lush plantations, or diving into the azure waters of its islands, Pahang promises a memorable experience.