Johor Bahru, often abbreviated as JB, is the capital city of the state of Johor in Malaysia. The name is derived from the Arabic honorific title “Johor”, meaning “jewel”, and the Malay word “Bahru”, which translates to “new”. Hence, Johor Bahru can be interpreted as the “New Jewel” of Malaysia.
Located at the southern tip of Peninsular Malaysia, Johor Bahru shares its southern border with Singapore, separated by the narrow Straits of Johor. To its north and west, it is bordered by other districts within the state of Johor. The city serves as a major gateway between Malaysia and Singapore, with bustling commercial and industrial activities.
Johor Bahru’s origins trace back to the 19th century when it was established by Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim as the administrative center of the Sultanate of Johor. Under British colonial rule, it saw significant development and became an important economic and administrative hub. Following Malaysia’s independence in 1957, Johor Bahru continued to grow and was granted city status in 1994. Its strategic location adjacent to Singapore has shaped much of its contemporary significance and development.
Highlights of Things to Do
- Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque: An architectural marvel, this mosque showcases a mix of Victorian and Moorish styles and offers panoramic views of the Straits of Johor.
- Legoland Malaysia Resort: The first Legoland theme park in Asia, it offers over 70 interactive rides, shows, and attractions suitable for families.
- Johor Bahru Old Chinese Temple: An emblem of unity among five Chinese dialect groups, this temple stands as one of the oldest structures in the city.
- Istana Besar: The grand palace of the Sultan of Johor, it is surrounded by sprawling gardens and houses the Royal Abu Bakar Museum.
- Johor Premium Outlets: A shopping haven offering premium brands at discounted prices.
How to Get In and Out
- By Air: Senai International Airport (JHB) serves Johor Bahru and connects the city to major domestic and international destinations.
- By Rail: The Johor Bahru Sentral railway station offers train services connecting JB to Kuala Lumpur and other parts of Peninsular Malaysia.
- By Road: The city is well-connected with a network of highways. Buses and taxis are prevalent modes for inter-city travel. Additionally, the Causeway and the Second Link serve as the primary road links between Johor Bahru and Singapore.
Johor Bahru, with its rich history, modern attractions, and proximity to Singapore, offers a varied experience for travelers, making it a vital destination in the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia.