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Malacca

 

The Historical City
With Melaka's status as the cradle of Malaysian history, it's no surprise the city is steeped in history and traditional culture. Ethnicaly diverse, the city offers countless opportunities to indulge in its myriad of cultures and cuisines.
Melaka is Malaysia's second smallest state. Its compact trove of historical landmarks had witnessed the most colourful aspects of Malaysia's history, from the introduction of Islam into the country, to the landing of European colonialism on its shores.
The Melaka Straits was a busy throughfare as Melaka's repute as one of the greatest emporia in the Far East attracted traders, many of whom settled in Melaka. The intriguing mix of the cultures of their descendents - Malays, Chinese, Indians, Portuguese, Chittys, Eurasians, and Peranakans - is now one of the charms of Melaka.

History
It was founded by an exiled prince from Sumatra (Indonesia), Parameswara in 1400. It thrived as a port-of-call to ships and merchants from China, India, the Middle East and even South America. In 1511 it was conquered by the Portuguese who stayed for 130 years. The picture on the right is a replica of the Malacca Sultanate's Palace during that period.

Malacca Sultanate's Palace
   
Accomodation  
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A' Famosa

Built by the Portuguese in 1511, the A' Famosa is a fortress that sustained severe damage during the Dutch invasion (picture on the left). The Dutch ruled Malacca for another 154 years, before it was handed over to the British to prevent it falling to the French when the Netherlands was captured during the French Revolution. It was returned to the Dutch in 1818 under the Treaty of Vienna but was later exchanged by the British for Bencoleen, Sumatra. From 1826 onwards it was ruled by the English East India Company in Culcutta together with Singapore and Penang under the Straits Settlement administration. In 1956, Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's first Prime Minister won Independence for Malacca from the British.


Places of interest
For a tiny State, it is very cosmopolitan with the Peranakans (early Chinese settlers who intermarried the Malays and partially adopted the Malay culture ), the Eurasians (mainly Portuguese who settled in Malaysia) and the Malays, Chinese and Indians. This mixture of cultural heritage which has survived the test of time is what makes Malacca different from the other States of Malaysia.

Stadthuys and Christ Church
Air Keroh

Many Singaporeans spend their weekends and holidays in Malacca because it does remind them of home minus the ultra modern infrastructure. Here, they are considered tourists and they can relax and enjoy the simpler things in life. Other visitors to Malacca can immediately sense the holiday atmosphere in this vibrant historical city.

There is a lot to do in Malacca with modern shopping malls, nightspots for entertainment and a culinary diversity second to none in Malaysia. More than a historical state, Malacca boasts of two charming island resorts, as well as beautiful beaches at Pulau Besar, Pulau Upeh, Klebang, Tanjung Bidara, Tanjung Kling and Pantai Kundur.

Malacca river cruise
A' Famosa Water World

A'Famosa (Porta de Santiago)
Other attractions also include A' Famosa Water World, a fully equipped international standard water theme park where there is fun and excitement for everyone. A number of golf courses are also available to golfers who prefer golfing rather than sightseeing. Visitors will also enjoy an exciting experience touring the city on the traditional trishaw or bullock cart ride. Sample the mouth watering culinary mix of Nyonya and Portuguese dishes and other local delicacies around the city for an experience of a lifetime.
 

Muzium Budaya ( Cultural Museum )
Next to the A' Famosa, the Museum is housed in a replica of a Melaka sultan's palace built based on descriptions in the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals). Included in its collections is the 14-century Terengganu Stone, which contains Arabic and Malay inscriptions, making it the earliest evidence of Islam in Malaysia. The Museum also holds an excellent trove of Melakan traditional artefacts such as weapons, textiles, musical instrucments, and games.
 
Maritime Museum
The Museum gives insights into Melaka's maritime history.The structure is an impressive 35-metre-high replica of the Flor de la Mar, a Portuguese trading ship which sank in the Strait of Melaka with its cargo of Malaysian treasures. Dioramas, photographs, seafaring maps, and model ships are presented. Cross the street with your ticket stub to the Royal Malaysian Navy Museum which charts Malaysia's naval history with memorabilia and equipment.
 
Baba and Nyonya Heritage Museum
Admission to this spectacular showcase of Straits Chinese cultural heritage buys you a guided tour through the 19-century Peranakan ancestral home. This townhouse features an interior courtyard and a blend of Chinese and baroque architectural styles. On display are artefacts of staggering grandeur, such as hardwood furniture endowed with elaborate mother-of-pearl inlaid designs, and Nyonya-style ceramics in multifarious colours.
 
Cheng Hoon Teng
This Chinese temple, whose name means Temple of the Evergreen Clouds, is Malaysia's oldest, completed in 1646 by master craftsman from Southern China. Porcelain and glass Chinese mythical figures grace the rooftop, while its ornate interiors has three altars dedicated to Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism.

Malacca's Sultanate Palace
The Sultanate Palace was built based on the description of the 'Sejarah Melayu' (the Malay annals) and houses the cultural museum of Malacca. Here, visitors will be able to gain knowledge of the history and culture of the people of Malacca.

Malacca's Sultanate Palace
Mini Malaysia

Mini Malaysia
Visitors are able to view the traditional houses of the 13 states of Malaysia in this stupendous theme complex. These life size houses will allow visitors to take a closer look at the way of living in Malaysia in a single visit as each house is furnished with corresponding elements adding ambience of originality that capture the houses in their traditional setting.

Hang Li Poh's Well and Bukit Cina
Princess Hang Li Poh was a bride from the Ming emperor to Sultan Mansor Shah as a gift to seal relations between the two countries in the mid-15 century. The sultan established Bukit Cina (or China Hill) as the princess' residence and the well as a gift to her. The well, also used by the townspeople, was a prime target for attacks. Johor poisoned it in 1551 and killed 200 Portuguese Today, the well has acquired a new status as a wishing well. It is said that anyone who throws a coin into it will return to Melaka again and again.

Sam Po Kong Temple
Legend has it that a fish known as Sam Po Kong sacrificed itself to plug a leak on the hull of the Admiral Cheng Ho's Ship. The temple was built in 1795 in honour of the fish and dedicated to the Admiral Cheng Ho, who is religiously venerated.

Islands - Pulau Besar
Located approximately 3 nautical miles off Pernu Umbai, 10 kilometres south of Malacca Town, is Pulau Besar. Covaring an area of 133 hectares, it is the largest islands off the coast of Malacca. Believed to be the location of Malaysia's earliest civilisation, it abounds in legends about mermaids and princesses, as well as sacred graves and shrines. An island of unspoilt natural beauty, it is a haven of tranquility for those in search of fresh air and silky white beaches. There is an international class hotel and several beach chalets, and 18 holes international golf course, a yatch club and a host of sea sport facilities for fishing, parasailing, wind-surfing, water skiing and snorkeling.Other activities include island hopping, camping picnicking and jungle trekking. 

Pulau Besar Beach

How to get to Pulau Besar........
There are regular bus services to Umbai from the Jalan Tun Ali Terminal in Malacca town. From the Pengkalan Pernu jetty, a boat then transports you to the island. The journey to Pulau Besar from Umbai by speed boat takes 15 minutes. A 45 minutes boat service is available from the Shahbandar jetty in Malacca town as well as the jetty behind the State Tourist Information Centre. 


How to get there.......
By Road :

Malacca is easily accessible from major points of the country. The most recommended means would be by road in order to enjoy the scenic experience travelling through tropical greens of rubber estates and palm oil plantations.

By Air :
Malacca has a small airport which is situated in Batu Berendam; 9km from the city. It is served by Pelangi Airways which operates a regular shuttle service.

By Train :

Malacca does not have a train station, but visitors wishing to travel by train can do so by going to the nearest station at Tampin which is just 38 km north of Malacca. Tourists are advised to check with the Railway offices, for schedules and fares.


Kuala Lumpur  l  Johor  l  Kedah  l  Kelantan  l  Malacca  l  Negeri Sembilan  l  Pahang  l
Penang  l  Perak  l  Perlis  l  Sabah  l  Sarawak  l  Selangor  l  Terengganu
 
 
         
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